Happy Valentines's Day


Each year on February 14th, many people exchange cards, candy, gifts or flowers with their special “valentine.” The 

day of romance we call Valentine’s Day is named for a Christian martyr and dates back to the 5th century, but has 

origins in the Roman holiday Lupercalia.


Valentine's Day, also called Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is an annual holiday celebrated 

on February 14. It originated as a Western Christian liturgical feast day honoring one or more early saints named 

Valentinus, and is recognized as a significant cultural and commercial celebration in many regions around the world, 

although it is not a public holiday in any country.


Several martyrdom stories associated with the various Valentines that were connected to February 14 were added 

to later martyrologies, including a popular hagiographical account of Saint Valentine of Rome which indicated he was 

imprisoned for performing weddings for soldiers who were forbidden to marry and for ministering to Christians, who 

were persecuted under the Roman Empire. 


According to legend, during his imprisonment, Saint Valentine healed the daughter of his jailer, Asterius,and before 

his execution, he wrote her a letter signed "Your Valentine" as a farewell.


The day first became associated with romantic love within the circle of Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century, when the 

tradition of courtly love flourished. In 18th-century England, it evolved into an occasion in which lovers expressed their 

love for each other by presenting flowers, offering confectionery, and sending greeting cards (known as "valentines"). 


In Europe, Saint Valentine's Keys are given to lovers "as a romantic symbol and an invitation to unlock the giver’s heart", 

as well as to children, in order to ward off epilepsy (called Saint Valentine's Malady).Valentine's Day symbols that are 

used today include the heart-shaped outline, doves, and the figure of the winged Cupid. 


Since the 19th century, handwritten valentines have given way to mass-produced greeting cards.


Saint Valentine's Day is an official feast day in the Anglican Communion, as well as in the Lutheran Church. Many parts 

of the Eastern Orthodox Church also celebrate Saint Valentine's Day, albeit on July 6 and July 30, the former date in 

honor of the Roman presbyter Saint Valentine, and the latter date in honor of Hieromartyr Valentine, the Bishop of 

Interamna (modern Terni).


Numerous early Christian martyrs were named Valentine.The Valentines honored on February 14 are Valentine of Rome 

(Valentinus presb. m. Romae) and Valentine of Terni (Valentinus ep. Interamnensis m. Romae).Valentine of Rome was 

a priest in Rome who was martyred in 269 and was added to the calendar of saints by Pope Galesius in 496 and was 

buried on the Via Flaminia. 


The relics of Saint Valentine were kept in the Church and Catacombs of San Valentino in Rome, which "remained an 

important pilgrim site throughout the Middle Ages until the relics of St. Valentine were transferred to the church of Santa 

Prassede during the pontificate of Nicholas IV". The flower-crowned skull of Saint Valentine is exhibited in the Basilica 

of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome. 


Other relics are found at Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, Ireland.


Valentine of Terni became bishop of Interamna (modern Terni) and is said to have been martyred during the persecution 

under Emperor Aurelian in 273. He is buried on the Via Flaminia, but in a different location from Valentine of Rome. His 

relics are at the Basilica of Saint Valentine in Terni (Basilica di San Valentino). 


Jack B. Oruch states that "abstracts of the acts of the two saints were in nearly every church and monastery of Europe." 


The Catholic Encyclopedia also speaks of a third saint named Valentine who was mentioned in early martyrologies under 

date of February 14. He was martyred in Africa with a number of companions, but nothing more is known about him. 


Saint Valentine's head was preserved in the abbey of New Minster, Winchester, and venerated.


February 14 is celebrated as St. Valentine's Day in various Christian denominations; it has, for example, the rank of 

'commemoration' in the calendar of saints in the Anglican Communion. In addition, the feast day of Saint Valentine is 

also given in the calendar of saints of the Lutheran Church. 


However, in the 1969 revision of the Roman Catholic Calendar of Saints, the feast day of Saint Valentine 


on February 14 was removed from the General Roman Calendar and relegated to particular (local or even national) 

calendars for the following reason: 


"Though the memorial of Saint Valentine is ancient, it is left to particular calendars, since, apart from his name, nothing 

is known of Saint Valentine except that he was buried on the Via Flaminia on February 14."


The feast day is still celebrated in Balzan (Malta) where relics of the saint are claimed to be found, and also throughout 

the world by Traditionalist Catholics who follow the older, pre-Second Vatican Council calendar.


In the Eastern Orthodox Church, St. Valentine is recognized on July 6, in which Saint Valentine, the Roman presbyter, 

is honoured; in addition, the Eastern Orthodox Church observes the feast of Hieromartyr Valentine, Bishop of Interamna, 

on July 30.


While the European folk traditions connected with Saint Valentine and St. Valentine's Day have become marginalized 

by the modern Anglo-American customs connecting the day with romantic love, there are some remaining associations 

connecting the saint with the advent of spring.


While the custom of sending cards, flowers, chocolates and other gifts originated in the UK, Valentine's Day still remains 

connected with various regional customs in England. 


In Norfolk, a character called 'Jack' Valentine knocks on the rear door of houses leaving sweets and presents for children. 

Although he was leaving treats, many children were scared of this mystical person.


As the same in China , the couples eapecially the young couples are extremlly excited to send gifts like chocolates and 

followers to their wife or girl friend normally with number of 9or 99 or 11  ,that is means they will love  and cherrish eacother 

forever!


So , no matter where you are,we always here wish you Happy Valentine's Day !